What is Lyme Disease?
Lyme disease is an infection caused by the complex bacterium Borrealia burgdorferi and other less prevalent Borrealia species. It’s the #1 vector borne disease in the U.S., primarily spread via infected blacklegged (or deer) adult and nymph tick bites (Ixodes scapularis in the east and Ixodes pacificus in the west). The smaller nymphs infect most people while feeding in the spring and summer.
In the United States, there are about 30,000 annual cases of Lyme disease reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and shown in the 2016 map. However, due to two studies conducted by the CDC in 2008 and from 2005-2010, the CDC estimates that there are actually around 300,000 cases each year!